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Diplodocus (Dip-lod-acus) “The long friendly Dinosaur”

One of the longest dinosaurs, Diplodocus had a unique body construction, with two rows of bones on the underside of its tail to provide extra support and greater mobility. Because of Diplodocus' unusual skeleton, palaeontologist Othniel C. Marsh coined its name in 1878, deriving it from the Greek words "diplos," meaning "double," and "dokos" meaning "beam." One of the best-known sauropods (long-necked herbivorous dinosaurs), this genus of dinosaur lived during the late Jurassic Period, about 155.7 million to 150.8 million years ago, an d primarily roamed western North America. Four species are recognized: D. longus, D. carnegii, D. hayi and D. hallorum (previously known as Seismosaurus). Diplodocus is the longest dinosaur known from a near-complete skeleton — that is, other dinosaurs, such as the sauropod Supersaurus, may be longer, but those length estimates are based on fairly incomplete skeletons.


Centrosaurus (Sen-tro-sore-us.) “The Prickly Lizard”

Centrosaurus acquired its named from the numerous bony projections that run along the edges of its frill.‭ ‬Aside from these a large nasal horn extends upwards from the top of the snout,‭ ‬and a pair of small horns project from the eyebrow.‭ ‬Two more hornlets hook down from the top of the frill,‭ ‬although how developed they are depends upon the species,‭ ‬being most pronounced in C.‭ ‬apertus.‭ ‬The nasal horn is also known to curve either forwards or backwards,‭ ‬and may be indicative of species.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬


Carnotaurus (Carn-O-Taurus) “Eyes like Humans, hands like a duck”

While Carnotaurus had the standard theropod morphology of a bipedal animal with large head and small arms,‭ ‬it still possessed a number of features that made it quite unique among the large theropods.‭ ‬One such feature‭ ‬is the arms,‭ ‬which are not just small like you would expect,‭ ‬but are positively tiny.‭ ‬Further to this the fingers were fused together meaning they could not move independently from one another.‭ ‬On top of this the fingers also lacked claws.‭ ‬Had Carnotaurus not gone extinct,‭ its descendants may have eventually lost these arms all together.


Anklyosaurus (An-kie-lo-sore-us) “The Defensive Dino”

It is something of a paradox that one of the most popular dinosaurs of all time is understood by some of the most incomplete fossil remains.‭ ‬What can be gleaned from the available fossil material is that Ankylosaurus was one of if not the largest of the group.‭ ‬The incomplete fossil evidence however has meant that determining the exact size of Ankylosaurus is problematic and will remain so until further,‭ ‬more complete Ankylosaurus remains are discovered.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬


Brontosaurus (Bron-toe-saurus) “The Thunder lizard”

Brontosaurus meaning "thunder lizard" from Greek βροντή, brontē "thunder" and σαῦρος, sauros "lizard", is a genus of gigantic quadruped sauropod dinosaurs. Although the type species, B. excelsus, had long been considered a species of the closely related Apatosaurus, researchers proposed in 2015 that Brontosaurus is a genus separate from Apatosaurus and that it contains three species: B. excelsus, B. yahnahpin, and B. parvus.